What are the risk factors for developing Streptococcus pneumoniae (S pneumoniae) (pneumococcal) meningitis?

Updated: Jul 16, 2019
  • Author: Rodrigo Hasbun, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Patients with the following conditions are at increased risk for S pneumoniae meningitis:

  • Hyposplenism

  • Hypogammaglobulinemia

  • Multiple myeloma

  • Glucocorticoid treatment

  • Defective complement (C1-C4)

  • Diabetes mellitus

  • Renal insufficiency

  • Alcoholism

  • Malnutrition

  • Chronic liver disease

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