Which possible comorbidities should be considered in the differential diagnoses of prostatitis?

Updated: Jan 02, 2020
  • Author: John L Brusch, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Prostatitis can coexist with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer. The symptom complex of BPH and chronic prostatitis overlap; older men are sometimes misdiagnosed with one or the other. In addition, prostatitis can increase prostate-specific antigen levels, raising the concern for prostate cancer.

Young men have a very low incidence of UTI; if UTI is diagnosed frequently in this population, the physician is probably overlooking the far more likely sexually transmitted disease (STD)–related urethritis/prostatitis.

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