What are cardiovascular complications of typhoid fever (enteric fever)?

Updated: Aug 19, 2019
  • Author: John L Brusch, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
  • Print
Answer

Cardiovascular complications may include the following:

  • Nonspecific electrocardiographic changes occur in 10%-15% of patients with typhoid fever.

  • Toxic myocarditis occurs in 1%-5% of persons with typhoid fever and is a significant cause of death in endemic countries. Toxic myocarditis occurs in patients who are severely ill and toxemic and is characterized by tachycardia, weak pulse and heart sounds, hypotension, and electrocardiographic abnormalities.

  • Pericarditis is rare, but peripheral vascular collapse without other cardiac findings is increasingly described. Pulmonary manifestations have also been reported in patients with typhoid fever. [78]


Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!