What steps can travelers to endemic areas take to reduce the risk of contracting typhoid fever (enteric fever)?

Updated: Aug 19, 2019
  • Author: John L Brusch, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Travelers to endemic countries should avoid raw unpeeled fruits or vegetables since they may have been prepared with contaminated water and should not buy food from street vendors; in addition, they should drink only boiled water.

In endemic countries, the most cost-effective strategy for reducing the incidence of typhoid fever is the institution of public health measures to ensure safe drinking water and sanitary disposal of excreta. The effects of these measures are long-term and reduce the incidence of other enteric infections, which are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in those areas.

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