What is the sensitivity and specificity of rapid strep tests for the diagnosis of group A streptococcal (GAS) infections?

Updated: Sep 07, 2018
  • Author: Zartash Zafar Khan, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
  • Print
Answer

Numerous studies have demonstrated that the currently available rapid streptococcal tests have a sensitivity of 70-90% compared with standard throat cultures. In contrast to their relatively low sensitivity, the specificity of these rapid tests has consistently been 90-100%. Therefore, if a rapid streptococcal test result is positive, a culture is not necessary, and appropriate antibiotic therapy can be immediately initiated. However, when a negative rapid test result is encountered, a standard throat culture should always be obtained.


Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!