What are the signs and symptoms of group A streptococcal (GAS) cellulitis?

Updated: Sep 07, 2018
  • Author: Zartash Zafar Khan, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
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Answer

Cellulitis is characterized by inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissues and is associated with local pain, tenderness, swelling, and erythema. Patients also develop fever, chills, and malaise and may become bacteremic. Intravenous (IV) drug abuse, abnormal lymphatic drainage, and breaks in skin integrity (eg, dry, cracked skin; tenia pedis) predispose the patient to streptococcal cellulitis. (See the image below.)

Erythema secondary to group A streptococcal cellul Erythema secondary to group A streptococcal cellulitis.

Perianal cellulitis and vaginitis should be considered in children who report perineal discomfort or vaginal discharge.


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