What are the age-related differences in the prevalence of group A streptococcal (GAS) infections?

Updated: Sep 07, 2018
  • Author: Zartash Zafar Khan, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
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Answer

GAS infections may be observed in people of any age, although the prevalence of infection is higher in children, presumably because of the combination of multiple exposures (in school or daycare) and little immunity. Group A streptococcal pharyngitis is particularly common in school-aged children. Strep throat is more common in school-aged children and teens.

Disease in neonates is uncommon, probably in part because of the effect of protective, transplacentally acquired antibody. Prevalence of pharyngeal infection is highest in children older than 3 years. Indeed, group A streptococcal pharyngitis has been described as a hazard in school-aged children. [22] S pyogenes also has the potential to produce outbreaks of disease in younger children in daycare.


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