What is pyoderma (impetigo contagiosa) (nonbullous impetigo), and what are its risk factors as a manifestation of group A streptococcal (GAS) infection?

Updated: Sep 07, 2018
  • Author: Zartash Zafar Khan, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
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Answer

Pyoderma is the most common form of skin infection caused by GAS. Also referred to as streptococcal impetigo or impetigo contagiosa, it occurs most commonly in tropical climates but can be highly prevalent in northern climates as well, particularly in the summer months. Risk factors that predispose to this infection include low socioeconomic status; low level of overall hygiene; and local injury to skin caused by insect bites, scabies, atopic dermatitis, and minor trauma. Colonization of unbroken skin precedes the development of pyoderma by approximately 10 days.


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