What is the role of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay in the diagnosis of schistosomiasis (bilharzia)?

Updated: Sep 20, 2018
  • Author: Shadab Hussain Ahmed, MD, AAHIVS, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

Using patient urine samples, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay was 94.4% sensitive and 99.9% specific for the diagnosis of schistosomiasis. [40] PCR can detect and quantify schistosome deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) in stool or urine. [42]


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