What is the prognosis of acute schistosomiasis (Katayama syndrome)?

Updated: Jun 11, 2020
  • Author: Shadab Hussain Ahmed, MD, AAHIVS, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Symptoms usually resolve over several weeks, but the syndrome can be fatal. Early treatment with cidal drugs may exacerbate this syndrome and necessitate concomitant glucocorticoid therapy. Tourists and travelers are most likely to present to emergency departments (EDs) in the United States with this syndrome. A history of the patient’s contact with fresh water, such as through swimming, boating, rafting, or water skiing, should be obtained.

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