What are the signs and symptoms of Proteus pyelonephritis?

Updated: Mar 03, 2020
  • Author: Shirin A Mazumder, MD, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Pyelonephritis can be considered a progression of disease, and symptoms are therefore more profound. Sepsis can develop quickly, especially in elderly patients or those with a compromised immune system.

Symptoms of urethritis and cystitis may or may not be present.

Defining symptoms of pyelonephritis include flank pain, nausea and vomiting, costovertebral angle tenderness, fever, and, rarely, a palpable and tender kidney. Hematuria and pyuria are frequently encountered.

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