Which conditions may be caused by Cutibacterium (Propionibacterium) infection?

Updated: Dec 03, 2019
  • Author: Sajeev Handa, MBBCh, BAO, LRCSI, LRCPI; Chief Editor: John L Brusch, MD, FACP  more...
  • Print

C acnes has been reported as a cause of vision-threatening infectious keratitis when the cornea is compromised. C acnes has also been implicated in chronic pseudophakic-related endophthalmitis following cataract surgery and placement of an artificial intraocular lens. The presentation is characterized by low-grade intraocular inflammation, possibly chronic, and may be misdiagnosed as noninfectious iritis.

In rare cases, Cutibacterium species have been implicated as a cause of dental infections, conjunctivitis associated with contact lenses, peritonitis in patients receiving continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), and breast-implant infections.

C acnes has been isolated in cases of transfusion-transmitted bacterial infection, which typically manifests as fever and chills with or without tachycardia and hypotension during or after transfusion of blood or blood products. [15]

C acnes infection has been suggested as a possible trigger for primary biliary cirrhosis. [16]

C granulosum infection has been reported as a potential primer of the immune system prior to the development of sarcoidosis. [17] Latent infection of C acnes has been implicated as a cause of sarcoidosis since it is the only microorganism that been isolated from sarcoid lesions by bacterial culture. [18]

C avidum has been implicated in causing a splenic abscess post cardiac catheterization. [19]

Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!