Which medications in the drug class Vaccines are used in the treatment of Pneumococcal Infections (Streptococcus pneumoniae)?

Updated: Aug 27, 2018
  • Author: Claudia Antonieta Nieves Prado, MD; Chief Editor: John L Brusch, MD, FACP  more...
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Answer

Vaccines

Pneumococcal vaccines are recommended as part of routine prophylaxis in young children (aged < 5 y) and adults aged 65 y or older. These vaccines are also recommended for individuals who are immunocompromised (eg, HIV, cancer, renal disease) or have functional or anatomic asplenia, cerebrospinal fluid leaks, or cochlear implants.

Pneumococcal vaccine 13-valent (Prevnar 13)

Capsular polysaccharide vaccine against 13 strains of S pneumoniae, conjugated to nontoxic diphtheria protein, including serotypes 1, 3, 4, 5, 6A, 6B, 7F, 9V, 14, 18C, 19A, 19F, and 23F.

Pneumococcal vaccine polyvalent (Pneumovax 23)

S pneumoniae capsular antigens stimulate active immune response, resulting in production of endogenously produced antibodies. The 23 serotypes contained in the vaccine include : 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6B, 7F, 8, 9N, 9V, 10A, 11A, 12F, 14, 15B, 17F, 18C, 19F, 19A, 20, 22F, 23F, and 33F.


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