How is the risk for pneumococcal infection reduced?

Updated: Jun 08, 2020
  • Author: Eduardo Sanchez, MD; Chief Editor: John L Brusch, MD, FACP  more...
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Cigarette smoking and passive cigarette smoke exposure have been linked to an increased risk for invasive pneumococcal disease in healthy adults; thus, smoking cessation should be encouraged. Optimal nutrition and living conditions may decrease the risk for pneumococcal disease. Breastfeeding of infants should also be encouraged, as the rates of invasive pneumococcal infection is lower in breastfed infants. Daycare attendance is associated with acquisition, carriage (of susceptible and drug-resistant strains), infection, and outbreaks of pneumococcal disease in proportion to the number of attendees.

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