What is the role of surgery in the treatment of pneumococcal infection?

Updated: Jun 08, 2020
  • Author: Eduardo Sanchez, MD; Chief Editor: John L Brusch, MD, FACP  more...
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Patients with complicated pneumonia may require a chest tube for drainage of pleural fluid; VATS or decortication may be required in more severe cases or in those with empyema.

In patients with suspected septic arthritis or osteomyelitis, synovial fluid or bone tissue should be obtained for Gram stain, cell count, histology, and culture.

Patients with recurrent or chronic otitis media, periorbital or orbital cellulitis, or facial cellulitis may require surgical intervention.

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