Which clinical history findings are characteristic of soft tissue pneumococcal infection?

Updated: Aug 27, 2018
  • Author: Claudia Antonieta Nieves Prado, MD; Chief Editor: John L Brusch, MD, FACP  more...
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Answer

Although uncommon, S pneumoniae infection can be a cause of mild-to-serious soft tissue infections, including cellulitis, myositis, periorbital cellulitis, and abscess, particularly in some immunocompromised hosts (eg, those with SLE). Most patients have WBC counts greater than 15,000 cells/μL and elevated temperatures. Physical findings are related to the site of infection and usually include redness, warmth, and tenderness of the involved area. Movement may be limited by pain and/or swelling. The incidence of soft tissue infections is increased in persons with HIV infection or underlying connective tissue disease; however, most affected individuals are otherwise healthy and respond well to antibiotic therapy. [30]


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