How is pinworm infection (enterobiasis) prevented?

Updated: Nov 21, 2018
  • Author: Sun Huh, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

To prevent reinfection, patient and family hygiene must be improved, and individuals must be certain to wash their hands before eating. At-risk individuals should bathe upon waking to help reduce the possibility of egg contamination. Children should be discouraged from activities such as sucking their fingers and scratching bare anal areas.

The entire household should be treated simultaneously. Treatment is much more effective if the child's family and classmates are treated at the same time. Washing sheets, clothes, and towels in a washing machine using regular laundry soap can eliminate pinworm eggs.

For clinicians treating infected patients, strict handwashing is required after contact with the patient, patient’s clothing, and stretcher. All bedding and gowns should be cleaned. In addition, stretchers should be washed before further patient use.


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