How are mycobacterium chelonae infections prevented?

Updated: Dec 20, 2018
  • Author: Alfred Scott Lea, MD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

No specific deterrence methods are available. Mycobacterium chelonae and Mycobacterium abscessus are ubiquitous organisms.

Isolation is not indicated.

Patients with disease due to nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) should be considered for treatment prior to starting anti–tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF α) agents, basiliximab, therapeutic corticosteroids, immunosuppressive therapy, and cytotoxic chemotherapy.

If an M chelonae or an M abscessus infection is believed to be nosocomial, notify hospital infection control. Finding even a single case of nosocomial NTM may warrant an investigation.


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