What causes mycobacterium chelonae infection?

Updated: Dec 20, 2018
  • Author: Alfred Scott Lea, MD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

Causes of M chelonae infection are as follows:

  • Trauma or injection - Accidental or surgical trauma, particularly puncture wounds (eg, tattoos, acupuncture, injection sites)

  • Disseminated disease - Immunosuppression, immune defects, and cytotoxic chemotherapy [25, 30]

  • Tattoo ink and contaminated skin marking solutions [15, 19]

  • Indwelling catheters, dialysis catheters, prosthetic valves, orthopedic prostheses, biliary stents, scleral buckles, and breast implants [1]

  • Associated surgical procedures include bronchoscopy, laparoscopy, liposuction, and mammoplasty, as well as all types of cardiac, otolaryngologic, orthopaedic, plastic/reconstructive, and ophthalmologic surgery [1]


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