What are the risk factors for ocular mycobacterium chelonae infection?

Updated: Dec 20, 2018
  • Author: Alfred Scott Lea, MD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

The eye is the second most common site of M chelonae infection. The organism is known to cause dacryocystitis, canaliculitis, conjunctivitis, scleritis, endophthalmitis, and keratitis. [22] Risk factors for infection include both accidental and surgical trauma, laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK), penetrating keratoplasty (PK), and all procedures involving retained biomaterial. [23] Additional risk factors include the presence of contact lens, corticosteroid use, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.


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