What is the pathogenesis of genitofemoral nerve entrapment?

Updated: Oct 15, 2019
  • Author: Minoo Hadjari Hollis, MD; Chief Editor: Thomas M DeBerardino, MD  more...
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Answer

Injury to the genitofemoral nerve may result from hernia repair, appendectomy, biopsies, and cesarean delivery. It may also result from intrapelvic trauma to the posterior abdominal wall, retroperitoneal hematoma, pregnancy, or trauma to the inguinal ligament. Fortunately, injury to this nerve is rare, even with open herniorrhaphy.

A prospective study was performed to evaluate the genitofemoral nerve electrophysiologically in children with inguinal hernia repair. [16] Latency of the genitofemoral nerve was found to be prolonged after inguinal hernia repair, possibly because of surgery-related injury.


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