Which medications are used in the treatment of dysphagia?

Updated: Mar 20, 2020
  • Author: Nam-Jong Paik, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Elizabeth A Moberg-Wolff, MD  more...
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Answer

Medications used in the treatment of dysphagia include the following:

  • Botulinum toxin type A (BoNT-A): Injected endoscopically into the gastroesophageal sphincter and upper esophagus to decrease tone; this can be very useful in cricopharyngeal spasms causing dysphagia [51]

  • Diltiazem: Can aid in esophageal contractions and motility, especially in the disorder known as the nutcracker esophagus

  • Cystine-depleting therapy with cysteamine: Treatment of choice for patients with dysphagia due to pretransplantation or posttransplantation cystinosis [52]

  • Nitrates: Including isosorbide dinitrate, which can especially be recommended in achalasia


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