Which patient groups have the highest prevalence of dysphagia, and what is the prevalence of dysphagia in pediatric neuromuscular disease?

Updated: Mar 20, 2020
  • Author: Nam-Jong Paik, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Elizabeth A Moberg-Wolff, MD  more...
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Answer

According to the US National Medicare database, the incidence of poststroke dysphagia is higher in Asians and other minority groups than in whites, suggesting racial disparities in the development of dysphagia after stroke. [25, 26]

As previously mentioned, the prevalence of dysphagia increases with age, and dysphagia is a major health care problem in elderly patients.

A study by Kooi-van Es et al found that of 295 children with neuromuscular disease, dysphagia and dysarthria had a pooled overall prevalence of 47.2% and 31.5%, respectively. The investigators reported that 90.0% of children with dysphagia had chewing problems, while 43.0% had swallowing problems, and 33.3% demonstrated difficulties with both chewing and swallowing. [27]


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