Which dietary modifications are used in the treatment of dysphagia?

Updated: Mar 20, 2020
  • Author: Nam-Jong Paik, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Elizabeth A Moberg-Wolff, MD  more...
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Answer

Dietary modification is the key component in the general treatment program of dysphagia. Diets for patients with dysphagia include the following:

  • Dysphagia diet 1: Thin liquids (eg, fruit juice, coffee, tea)

  • Dysphagia diet 2: Nectar-thick liquids (eg, cream soup, tomato juice)

  • Dysphagia diet 3: Honey-thick liquids (ie, liquids that are thickened to a honey consistency)

  • Dysphagia diet 4: Pudding-thick liquids/foods (eg, mashed bananas, cooked cereals, purees)

  • Dysphagia diet 5: Mechanical soft foods (eg, meat loaf, baked beans, casseroles)

  • Dysphagia diet 6: Chewy foods (eg, pizza, cheese, bagels)

  • Dysphagia diet 7: Foods that fall apart (eg, bread, rice, muffins)

  • Dysphagia diet 8: Mixed textures

Because fluid intake is restricted in most patients with dysphagia, these individuals are at risk of dehydration. Therefore, the patient's hydration status must be closely monitored.


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