What is the role of physical and occupational therapy in the treatment of spasticity?

Updated: Mar 01, 2018
  • Author: Krupa Pandey, MD; Chief Editor: Stephen A Berman, MD, PhD, MBA  more...
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Answer

Physical, occupational, speech, and recreational therapists often are involved in providing the following for patients with spasticity [48, 49, 50, 51] :

  • Sustained stretching

  • Massage [52]

  • Vibration

  • Heat modalities

  • Cryotherapy

  • Functional electrical stimulation/biofeedback [53]

  • Strengthening of antagonistic muscle groups

  • Hippotherapy

  • Hydrotherapy

These treatments are designed to reduce muscle tone, maintain or improve range of motion and mobility, increase strength and coordination, and improve comfort. The choice of treatments is individualized to meet the needs of the person with spasticity.


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