What is the role of orthopedic surgery in the treatment of spasticity?

Updated: Jun 28, 2019
  • Author: Krupa Pandey, MD; Chief Editor: Stephen A Berman, MD, PhD, MBA  more...
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These surgeries constitute the most frequently used procedures for spasticity. The following types of surgery are employed:

  • Lengthening or release of muscles and tendons

  • Procedures involving bones

These operations aim to reduce spasticity, increase range of motion, improve accessibility for hygiene, increase tolerance to braces, or reduce pain. The timing of the procedures is critical. If they are performed too early, repetitive procedures may be necessary or developmental milestones may be delayed. If the procedures are delayed too long, future pain or irreversible bone deformity may occur. The majority of these operations are performed in children aged 4-8 years.

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