What types of therapy are used in the treatment of spasticity?

Updated: Mar 01, 2018
  • Author: Krupa Pandey, MD; Chief Editor: Stephen A Berman, MD, PhD, MBA  more...
  • Print
Answer

Interventions for spasticity vary from conservative (therapy and splinting) to more aggressive (surgery); most often, a variety of treatments are used at the same time or are employed interchangeably. Treatment options do not need to be used in a stepladder approach and indeed should not be. Current spasticity management options include the following:

  • Preventative measures

  • Therapeutic interventions (physical therapy, occupational therapy, hippotherapy, aquatics) and physical modalities (ultrasonography, electrical stimulation, biofeedback) [4, 5]

  • Positioning/orthotics: Including taping, dynamic and static splints, wheelchairs, and standers

  • Oral medications: Such as baclofen and dantrolene [6]

  • Injectable neurolytic medications: Botulinum toxins and phenol

  • Surgical intervention


Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!