What types of therapy are used in the treatment of spasticity?

Updated: Jun 28, 2019
  • Author: Krupa Pandey, MD; Chief Editor: Stephen A Berman, MD, PhD, MBA  more...
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Interventions for spasticity vary from conservative (therapy and splinting) to more aggressive (surgery); most often, a variety of treatments are used at the same time or are employed interchangeably. Treatment options do not need to be used in a stepladder approach and indeed should not be. Current spasticity management options include the following:

  • Preventative measures

  • Therapeutic interventions (physical therapy, occupational therapy, hippotherapy, aquatics) and physical modalities (ultrasonography, electrical stimulation, biofeedback) [4, 5]

  • Positioning/orthotics: Including taping, dynamic and static splints, wheelchairs, and standers

  • Oral medications: Such as baclofen and dantrolene [6]

  • Injectable neurolytic medications: Botulinum toxins and phenol

  • Surgical intervention

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