What are the patterns of spasticity in the lower extremities?

Updated: Jun 28, 2019
  • Author: Krupa Pandey, MD; Chief Editor: Stephen A Berman, MD, PhD, MBA  more...
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The following flexor patterns can occur in patients with cerebral palsy, MS, or TBI or who have suffered a stroke: [1]

  • Hip adduction and flexion

  • Knee flexion

  • Ankle plantar flexion or equinovarus positioning

The following extensor patterns may be seen in patients following TBI:

  • Knee extension or flexion

  • Equinus and/or valgus ankle

  • Great toe dorsiflexion or excessive toe flexion

See Clinical Presentation for more detail.

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