What is the effect of leptospirosis on the heart?

Updated: Jul 08, 2021
  • Author: Sandra G Gompf, MD, FACP, FIDSA; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

Cardiac lesions have been identified in postmortem examinations. In an autopsy series of fatal cases of leptospirosis in Mumbai, India in 2005, involvement of the cardiovascular system was found in 41 of 44 cases. Interstitial myocarditis was the predominant feature on histopathological examination. These authors suggested that leptospirosis be viewed as an infective systemic vasculitis. [19]


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