What strategies help prevent leishmaniasis?

Updated: Feb 18, 2020
  • Author: Craig G Stark, MD, FACP, FFTM, RCPS(Glasg), FISTM; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
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Answer

Reservoir eradication, vector control, and mass treatment of individuals who are infected have met with some success, but these are limited by cost and difficulty in coordinating efforts.

Insect repellent (eg, diethyltoluamide [DEET]), protective clothing, fans, and permethrin- or deltamethrin-impregnated mosquito nets offer some protection for visitors to endemic areas. The female sandfly makes no audible noise, is a relatively poor flyer, and is small enough to pass through standard mosquito nets; thus, specially designed, fine-mesh netting is required. Minimizing outdoor exposures at peak times (dawn to dusk) should also be used.

Because leishmaniasis can be transmitted through blood, infected patients should not donate blood or organs.


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