What are the uncommon findings in visceral leishmaniasis?

Updated: Feb 18, 2020
  • Author: Craig G Stark, MD, FACP, FFTM, RCPS(Glasg), FISTM; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
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Answer

Unusual clinical presentations of visceral leishmaniasis include the following:

  • Pancytopenia without splenomegaly

  • Immune-mediated hemolysis

  • Generalized lymphadenopathy without hepatosplenomegaly

  • Massive hepatic necrosis

  • Chronic liver disease

  • Retinal hemorrhages (reported in immunodeficient patients)


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