What are the characteristics of mucocutaneous leishmaniasis?

Updated: Feb 18, 2020
  • Author: Craig G Stark, MD, FACP, FFTM, RCPS(Glasg), FISTM; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
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Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis consists of the relentless destruction of the oropharynx and nose, resulting in extensive midfacial destruction.

The initial skin lesion with mucocutaneous disease is often notable for its prolonged healing time and large size. In most cases, a healed scar can be identified based on careful examination. Months to years after the initial infection, patients may have rhinorrhea, epistaxis, and nasal congestion.

The lesion commonly arises at the mucocutaneous junction around the nose and may spread inward, destroying tissues and leading to deformity that requires plastic surgery. The lesion heals with scarring, causing the typical tapir or camel nose.

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