What is the geographic distribution of visceral leishmaniasis?

Updated: Feb 18, 2020
  • Author: Craig G Stark, MD, FACP, FFTM, RCPS(Glasg), FISTM; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
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Answer

Old World spread of visceral leishmaniasis is via the following:

  • L donovani - China, India, Bangladesh, Sudan, and Kenya

  • L infantum - Asia, North Africa, and South Europe

  • (Rarely) L tropica - Iran and Kenya

New World spread of visceral leishmaniasis is via L donovani chagasi in Central and South America.

Distribution map of visceral leishmaniasis. Distribution map of visceral leishmaniasis.

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