What is the geographic distribution of mucocutaneous leishmaniasis?

Updated: Feb 18, 2020
  • Author: Craig G Stark, MD, FACP, FFTM, RCPS(Glasg), FISTM; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
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Answer

Old World spread of mucocutaneous leishmaniasis is via L aethiopica in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Namibia.

New World spread of mucocutaneous leishmaniasis includes the following Leishmania species:

  • L (Viannia) braziliensis - Central and South America

  • L (Viannia) panamensis - Central and South America

  • L (Viannia) guyanensis - Guyana, French Guyana, Surinam, and Brazil

  • Less often seen with L mexicana - Central, South, and North America

  • Less often seen with L amazonensis - Brazil and Panama

    Geographical distribution of cutaneous and mucocut Geographical distribution of cutaneous and mucocutaneous leishmaniasis in the New World. Source: World Health Organization, Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases, Innovative and Intensified Disease Management (WHO/NTD/IDM) Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS), Tuberculosis and Malaria (HTM) WHO, October 2010: http://www.who.int/leishmaniasis/leishmaniasis_maps/en/

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