What is the distribution of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the New World?

Updated: Feb 18, 2020
  • Author: Craig G Stark, MD, FACP, FFTM, RCPS(Glasg), FISTM; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
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Answer

New World spread of localized cutaneous disease includes the following Leishmania species:

  • L mexicana - Central, South, and North America

  • L amazonensis - Dominican Republic, Central and South America

  • L venezuelensis - Venezuela

  • L (Viannia) braziliensis - Central and South America

  • L (Viannia) guyanensis - Guyana, French Guyana, Surinam, Brazil

  • L (Viannia) panamensis - Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador

  • L (Viannia) peruviana - Peru, Argentina

  • L donovani chagasi - Texas, Caribbean, Central and South America

New World spread of diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis is via (1) L mexicana in Central, South, and North America, (2) L amazonensis in the Dominican Republic and Central and South America, and (3) L venezuelensis in Venezuela.


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