What is the distribution of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Old World?

Updated: Feb 18, 2020
  • Author: Craig G Stark, MD, FACP, FFTM, RCPS(Glasg), FISTM; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
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Answer

Commonly associated parasite species and their geographic distribution are summarized below.

Distribution of cutaneous leishmaniasis

Old World spread of localized cutaneous disease includes the following Leishmania species:

  • L donovani - China, India, Bangladesh, Sudan

  • L tropica - Middle East, China, India, Mediterranean

  • L aethiopica - Ethiopia, Kenya, Namibia

  • L major - Middle East, Africa, India, Asia

  • L infantum - Asia, Africa, Europe

Old World spread of diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis is via L aethiopica in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Namibia.

Geographical distribution of Old World cutaneous l Geographical distribution of Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis due to L tropica and related species and L aethiopica. Source: World Health Organization, Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases, Innovative and Intensified Disease Management (WHO/NTD/IDM) Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS), Tuberculosis and Malaria (HTM) WHO, October 2010: http://www.who.int/leishmaniasis/leishmaniasis_maps/en/index1.html
Geographical distribution of Old World cutaneous l Geographical distribution of Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis due to L major. Source: World Health Organization, Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases, Innovative and Intensified Disease Management (WHO/NTD/IDM) Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS), Tuberculosis and Malaria (HTM) WHO, October 2010: http://www.who.int/leishmaniasis/leishmaniasis_maps/en/index1.html.

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