What are the CDC recommendations for the use of antiviral drugs in the treatment of influenza?

Updated: Apr 23, 2019
  • Author: Hien H Nguyen, MD, MS; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
  • Print
Answer

The CDC has made the following recommendations regarding the use of antiviral drugs in influenza: [1]

  • Antiviral treatment is recommended as soon as possible for patients with confirmed or suspected influenza who have severe, complicated, or progressive illness or who require hospitalization
  • Antiviral treatment is recommended as soon as possible for outpatients with confirmed or suspected influenza who are at higher risk for influenza complications on the basis of their age or underlying medical conditions; clinical judgment should be an important component of outpatient treatment decisions
  • Currently recommended antiviral medications include oseltamivir, zanamivir, peramivir, and baloxavir marboxil
  • Oseltamivir may be used for treatment or chemoprophylaxis of influenza among infants younger than 1 year, when indicated
  • Antiviral treatment also may be considered on the basis of clinical judgment for any outpatient with confirmed or suspected influenza who does not have known risk factors for severe illness, if treatment can be initiated within 48 hours of illness onset
  • Because antiviral resistance patterns can change over time, clinicians should monitor local antiviral resistance surveillance data

Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!