What is included in prehospital care for influenza?

Updated: Apr 23, 2019
  • Author: Hien H Nguyen, MD, MS; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

Prehospital care is predominantly supportive. Supplemental oxygenation to manage respiratory symptoms or objective hypoxia may be needed. Ventilatory support with a bag-valve-mask device or with field intubation may be required if the patient is in respiratory failure. Intravenous access should be obtained, and a bolus of a crystalloid can be administered to support hemodynamic stability.

Attention should be given to the appropriate use of personal protective equipment (PPE) by the prehospital providers, and advance notification should be given to the hospital regarding the potential need for patient respiratory isolation. General guidelines in low-risk areas are that patients with fever and respiratory complaints should wear a standard mask, if tolerated, to decrease airborne droplets. [82]


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