How frequently is human papillomavirus (HPV) infection the cause of cervical cancer?

Updated: Feb 20, 2020
  • Author: Peter A Gearhart, MD; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
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Patients with genital warts are an increased risk for anogenital malignancy. Infection with HPV is the primary cause of cervical malignancy, though most patients with HPV-infected cervices have a benign outcome. Accordingly, annual screening and Pap testing are mandatory for female patients with genital warts. As many as 90% of cervical cancers are caused by HPV infection of the cervix.

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