What is the etiologic relationship between ultraviolet and x-ray irradiation and human papillomavirus (HPV)-related malignancy?

Updated: Feb 20, 2020
  • Author: Peter A Gearhart, MD; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
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EV is particularly susceptible to ultraviolet (UV) and x-ray irradiation; therefore, patients with EV should avoid activities that unnecessarily expose them to these forms of radiation.

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