When is patient transfer indicated for the treatment of calcium channel blocker (CCB) toxicity?

Updated: Jan 04, 2021
  • Author: B Zane Horowitz, MD, FACMT; Chief Editor: Michael A Miller, MD  more...
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Some patients may present with overwhelming bradycardia and hypotension that is unresponsive to available medical management. Patients with these complications may require cardiopulmonary bypass, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), or an intra-aortic balloon pump to maintain peripheral perfusion until the calcium channel blocker has cleared their system; transferring these patients to a facility offering such services may be reasonable.

Not all community hospitals offer a pediatric ICU for inpatient care of the hemodynamically unstable child. This is an indication to transfer pediatric patients.

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