Which patient groups have the highest prevalence of calcium channel blocker (CCB) toxicity?

Updated: Jan 04, 2021
  • Author: B Zane Horowitz, MD, FACMT; Chief Editor: Michael A Miller, MD  more...
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Answer

Although CCB ingestion has no race predilection among young children, racial trends mirror suicide attempt statistics among adolescents. In young children, a male predilection for CCB toxicity is observed. In adolescence, the sex predilection again mirrors suicide attempt statistics, with more females than males ingesting calcium channel blocker agents.

CCB ingestions show a bimodal distribution in the pediatric age range. Infants and toddlers often unintentionally ingest tablets that they mistake for food or candy. Teenagers ingest CCBs as a suicide gesture.


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