What is the pathogenesis of verapamil toxicity?

Updated: Jan 04, 2021
  • Author: B Zane Horowitz, MD, FACMT; Chief Editor: Michael A Miller, MD  more...
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Verapamil (Calan, Isoptin), a phenylalkylamine, has a higher affinity for calcium slow channels in the cardiac conducting system than in peripheral smooth muscle cells; therefore, it causes a greater negative dromotropic and inotropic effect than do other CCBs. Several sustained-release formulations are available (eg, Calan SR, Isoptin SR, Verelan, Covera HS).

Verapamil almost exclusively undergoes hepatic metabolism, yielding a single active metabolite, norverapamil. This compound has 20% of the pharmacologic activity of the parent drug.

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