Which medications are used in the treatment of calcium channel blocker (CCB) toxicity?

Updated: Jan 04, 2021
  • Author: B Zane Horowitz, MD, FACMT; Chief Editor: Michael A Miller, MD  more...
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Specific agents used in treatment include the following:

  • IV volume expansion - Normal saline or Ringer lactate
  • Calcium
  • Glucagon
  • Vasopressors (eg, dopamine, epinephrine, norepinephrine)
  • High-dose insulin/euglycemia (HIE) therapy
  • Lipid emulsion therapy

Cardiac pacing may be required.

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