What is the role of medications in the treatment of hypercalciuria in children?

Updated: Jun 02, 2021
  • Author: Stephen W Leslie, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Dietary modification alone may not be enough to improve bone mineral density in children with idiopathic hypercalciuria. [16] Children with idiopathic hypercalciuria may have improvement in the bone mineral density z-score after treatment with potassium citrate and thiazides. [19] Thus, the indication for starting medications is evidence of bone demineralization or history of previous renal stone formation. Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) and other thiazide-type diuretics are the agents most frequently used to treat hypercalciuria.

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