What is the role of ultrasonography in the workup of hypercalciuria?

Updated: Jun 02, 2021
  • Author: Stephen W Leslie, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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A good place to start is with ultrasonography of the urinary tract. This reveals most major malformations, nephrocalcinosis, and many stones.

Renal calyceal microlithiasis is seen as hyperechoic spots smaller than 3 mm in diameter in the renal calyces. In one study, renal calyceal microlithiasis was suggested to be present in as many as 85% of children with idiopathic hypercalciuria and did not seem to indicate an increased risk of lithiasis. [33]

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