What is the role of a thiazide challenge in the workup of hypercalciuria?

Updated: Apr 23, 2019
  • Author: Stephen W Leslie, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

Thiazides, the mainstay of pharmacologic therapy for hypercalciuria, increase serum calcium levels. Therefore, they can be used in a thiazide challenge for cases of borderline or subtle hyperparathyroidism to confirm the diagnosis. This involves the temporary use of thiazide therapy to create a controlled hypercalcemia. If the PTH levels drop, the patient is responding properly and hyperparathyroidism is unlikely. If the PTH level does not diminish as the serum calcium level rises, hyperparathyroidism can be diagnosed.


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