What is included in the dietary treatment of hypercalciuria?

Updated: Apr 23, 2019
  • Author: Stephen W Leslie, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

Dietary therapy

The following are recommendations in the dietary treatment of hypercalciuria:

  • Limit daily calcium intake to 600-800 mg/day unless otherwise instructed (see the image below for a list of foods that are rich in calcium)

    Calcium-rich foods. Calcium-rich foods.
  • Limit dietary oxalate, especially when calcium intake is reduced; high oxalate levels are found in strong teas; nuts; chocolate; coffee; colas; green, leafy vegetables (eg, spinach); and other plant and vegetable products

  • Avoid excessive purines and animal protein (< 1.7 g/kg of body weight)

  • Reduce sodium (salt) and refined sugar to the minimum possible

  • Increase dietary fiber (12-24 g/day)

  • Limit alcohol and caffeine intake

  • Increase fluid intake, especially water (sufficient to produce at least 2 L of urine per day)


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