What are serious complications of gonococcal infections?

Updated: Jun 15, 2021
  • Author: Shahab Qureshi, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
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Complications of gonococcal infections also include the following [34] :

  • Corneal scarring after ocular gonococcal infections

  • Destruction of cardiac valves in gonococcal endocarditis

  • Death from congestive heart failure related to endocarditis

  • Central nervous system (CNS) complications of gonococcal meningitis

It has been suggested that a person with a gonococcal infection may be at a 3- to 5-fold increased risk of acquiring HIV infection, if exposed to the virus.

DGI is an acute illness that causes fever, asymmetrical polyarthralgias, and skin pustules overlying small joints in patients with gonorrhea. Disseminated infection may also lead to meningitis or endocarditis.

In newborns, vertical transmission can cause conjunctivitis, known as ophthalmia neonatorum, and permanent damage and blindness, if untreated.

Oral sex with an infected partner can result in pharyngitis, and, similarly, anal infection can arise from anal sex or local spread from a vaginal source.

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