What are the risk factors for gonorrhea infection?

Updated: Jun 15, 2021
  • Author: Shahab Qureshi, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Pranatharthi Haran Chandrasekar, MBBS, MD  more...
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Risk factors for gonorrhea include the following:

  • Sexual exposure to an infected partner without barrier protection (eg, failure to use a condom or condom failure) [13]

  • Multiple sex partners

  • Male homosexuality

  • Low socioeconomic status

  • Minority status - Blacks, Hispanics, and Native Americans have the highest rates in the United States

  • History of concurrent or past STDs

  • Exchange of sex for drugs or money

  • Use of crack cocaine

  • Early age of onset of sexual activity

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) - Use of an intrauterine device (IUD)

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